On the right, inset photo, is the male Pileated Woodpecker. You can see he has a red malar stripe, or moustache, a bright red crest and red feathering all the way down to the base of his bill. The female, on the left, lacks the malar stripe and her red crest stops about half way down, making her forehead look bare. Pileated Woodpeckers form monogamous pairs and share a territory year-round, but their courtship behaviors and intensified territorial activity, such as drumming, begin in February-March, before the breeding season.

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